Landscape mainly formed by the last ice age Soils: Stagnic and Haplic Luvisols, Stagnic Gleysols, Sapric Histosols
Food: Ecosystems provide the conditions for growing food. Food comes principally from managed agro-ecosystems but marine and freshwater systems or forests also provide food for human consumption. Wild foods from forests are often underestimated.
Raw materials: Ecosystems provide a great diversity of materials for construction and fuel including wood, biofuels and plant oils that are directly derived from wild and cultivated plant species.
Erosion prevention and maintenance of soil fertility: Soil erosion is a key factor in the process of land degradation and desertification. Vegetation cover provides a vital regulating service by preventing soil erosion. Soil fertility is essential for plant growth and agriculture and well functioning ecosystems supply the soil with nutrients required to support plant growth.
Habitats for species: Habitats provide everything that an individual plant or animal needs to survive: food; water; and shelter. Each ecosystem provides different habitats that can be essential for a species’ lifecycle. Migratory species including birds, fish, mammals and insects all depend upon different ecosystems during their movements.
|Elevation of demosite:||53.0 meters above sea level|
|PETr (by year):||0.55
Renaturalisation of river sections and riparian wetlands
River basin model; Hydraulic models; Species distribution model (SWAT; HEC-RAS; ADH; BIOMOD)
Building and testing of reactive ditches (Fig.2) and retention ponds