Igneous rocks mostly of intercallated and compacted volcanic breccias during the Pleistocene; alluvium in the late Holocene
Fresh water: Ecosystems play a vital role in the global hydrological cycle, as they regulate the flow and purification of water. Vegetation and forests influence the quantity of water available locally.
Habitats for species: Habitats provide everything that an individual plant or animal needs to survive: food; water; and shelter. Each ecosystem provides different habitats that can be essential for a species’ lifecycle. Migratory species including birds, fish, mammals and insects all depend upon different ecosystems during their movements.
Tourism: Ecosystems and biodiversity play an important role for many kinds of tourism which in turn provides considerable economic benefits and is a vital source of income for many countries. In 2008 global earnings from tourism summed up to US$ 944 billion. Cultural and eco-tourism can also educate people about the importance of biological diversity.
|Elevation of demosite:||6.0 meters above sea level|
|PETr (by year):||0.85
To tap the Tamugan-Panigan River for drinking water, a private company was given permit by the city to construct a water treatment plant which will also be powered by its own run-of-river hydroelectric power plant