Purple sand stone: 49% Sand shale: 35% Limestone dolomite: 11% Others: 5%
Food: Ecosystems provide the conditions for growing food. Food comes principally from managed agro-ecosystems but marine and freshwater systems or forests also provide food for human consumption. Wild foods from forests are often underestimated.
Fresh water: Ecosystems play a vital role in the global hydrological cycle, as they regulate the flow and purification of water. Vegetation and forests influence the quantity of water available locally.
Habitats for species: Habitats provide everything that an individual plant or animal needs to survive: food; water; and shelter. Each ecosystem provides different habitats that can be essential for a species’ lifecycle. Migratory species including birds, fish, mammals and insects all depend upon different ecosystems during their movements.
Maintenance of genetic diversity: Genetic diversity is the variety of genes between and within species populations. Genetic diversity distinguishes different breeds or races from each other thus providing the basis for locally well-adapted cultivars and a gene pool for further developing commercial crops and livestock. Some habitats have an exceptionally high number of species which makes them more genetically diverse than others and are known as ‘biodiversity hotspots’.
|Elevation of demosite:||175.0 meters above sea level|
|PETr (by year):||0.72
Human-induced, low-intensity restoration (NbS)“phytotechnology”：Mulberry or willow bushses Limited crop planting
Limited free livestock pasturing
Low-cost wastewater treatment infrastructure
restoring the terrestrial community adaptive to reservoir operation, and optimize human activity in reservoir drawdown area
“pulse effect” during floods 20 days to 30 days flooded mainly affect 160m or below